The Greatest Scam in lotto history.Back in the year 2002, a group of students and a professor were able to count cards at casinos around Las Vegas. So they could be able to scam the Massachusetts Lottery.
How Did The Greatest Scam Work?
Whenever a jackpot hasn’t been won, it will be held and rolled over to the next jackpot. This will result in a larger prize. The particular game that the students were playing, the Cash WinFall, had a prize of $2 million. When the public was unable to match all the numbers, the prize money would be redistributed. This would mean that any monies that were left over after the $2 million cap, the smaller prizes would be inflated, sometimes 5 to 10 times higher than normal.
If the students spent $600,000 worth of lottery tickets (can I say that is a jackpot in itself for the majority of people!), it would guarantee a 15 to 20% return on investment. James Harvey proved the original hypothesis. Harvey was able to turn $1,000 into $3,000. When he made this discovery, he made the “project” larger and formed Random .Strategies Investments. He would spend hours filling out betting slips and met with people eager to invest in the project.
Many people participated in the scheme and quitted their jobs because the scheme had become so lucrative and successful, but it was also a lot of work. There were hundreds of thousands of betting slips that needed to be filled out, checked, and sorted. Harvey was able to create a computer program that helped him generate numbers that would provide the best distribution range across various drawing results. Even though the computer program helped select the numbers, the slips had to be filled out by hand, as per the Lottery rules. Luckily, betting slips were able to be reused; so that part of the process was a one-time only thing.
But it doesn’t get any easier after that part was completed. Next the group was tasked with finding locations that would take their massive amount of tickets. Many retailers complained because the time it took to process 10,000 tickets, plus scanning the slip with the desired numbers, would take up so much time. Even though the retailer would gain 5% commission on any Lottery sales, the managers of the stores complained that simply tying up a clerk at the lottery terminal for hours would hinder regular operations. In the end, the group did find several locations that would process the tickets accurately. These four locations would be the groups “go to” Lottery agents.
On top of filling out the betting slips and being at a retailer for hours having the tickets processed, the group also had to go through the tickets and identify the winning numbers. Although Harvey wouldn’t share the methods of sorting the tickets, he did reveal that he kept records that showed panels of six-number sets that were played in each drawing. By doing this, he was able to identify how many winners the group had at each prize level. Harvey also shared that he had millions of lottery tickets in storage boxes because every year since he began playing the Cash WinFall, both State and Federal tax authorities would audit his group during tax season.
Speaking of taxes, whenever the group turned in winning lottery tickets, they generated a W-2G form for every member of the group—even the smallest investor who won only $800 would receive dozens of these forms. The people would have to spend several hours accounting for their winnings on their taxes. This hassle was enough to make some people drop out of the investment group altogether. At the height of the group, there were 40 to 50 investors. When the Cash WinFall game finally ended in 2012, the group only had 10 members.
Was All That Work Worth It? You Decide
When Harvey was asked how much the group won throughout the seven years they were playing the Cash WinFall; he declined to answer. He did say that they were able to bet $17 million to $18 million. The OIG estimated that the group won at least $8 million before taxes.
Those numbers don’t seem to add up. Over seven years, a group of people bets $17 to $18 million, but they only walked away with $8 million? What? It’s not clear if that was $8 million per member of the group or total. If it’s total, I think they lost money.
Either way, it’s pretty impressive that they were able to beat the system, as it were. In my opinion, this has to be one of the most eye-opening scams around.